EEG-04 ELECTIVE COURSE IN ENGLISH –04 Solved Assignment 2018-2019

EEG-04 Solved Assignment 2018-19

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Assignment-EEG-04
Programme: BDP
Course Code: EEG-04/TMA/2018-19
Max Marks: 100

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Answer all questions
1 Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow it:
As human civilizations have changed from agrarian to industrial economies,
they have become increasingly dependent on fossil fuels (petroleum, coal and
natural gas) and derived forms of energy (heat and electricity). Early agriculture
societies depended entirely on the energy of sunlight to grow food, and the energy
of physical labour for its cultivation and harvest. Domestic animals, introduced
later, converted food energy into fats, fibres and proteins and provided greater
physical strength to draw ploughs, pull carts and turn waterwheels. These early
societies obviously did not require electricity or combustion engines to drive
machines.
The invention of the electric motor and the internal combustion engine in the
nineteenth century changed this orientation completely. Firstly, these machines
were a startling boost to productivity. They enabled man to do far more work and
to cultivate and harvest greater acreage. Secondly, machines replaced draft animals,
with the result that modern agricultural operations became dependent on petroleum
and electricity. An absence of either one would be disastrous to present food
production throughout much of the world.
Essentially the same transition has occurred in energy requirements for
industrial, transportation and domestic needs. One hundred years ago, electricity
was a novelty, automobiles were a freakish invention and the diesel truck was
unknown. Since then, all three have become essential. A modern city cannot exist
without electricity and petroleum. Within another hundred years we will have to
find alternatives for the latter, since the world’s reserves will not last that long, but
our need for electrical energy will continue to rise.
(From: Ecology and the Quality of our Environment,
By Charles H Southwick)
1a Tick the title you think best describes the passage you have just read. Say why the
titles you discard are inappropriate. 2
a The energy crisis
b The importance of domestic and draft animals
c Patterns of human energy requirements
d Energy and the industrial revolution
Answer the following questions as briefly as possible. 6
1b What is the collective name for energy sources such as petroleum and coal?
1c What two basic forms of energy were sufficient to support life to early
agricultural societies?
1d How have energy needs changed since the invention of the internal combustion
engine?
1e Why will we have to find alternatives for petroleum in the next hundred years?
4
1f What inventions in the nineteenth century brought about radical changes?
1g What two sources of energy are considered essential to the life of the modern
city?
1h Now say if the following statements are TRUE or FALSE, according to the
passage. Correct the false statements. 4
i Food production entirely depends on petroleum and electricity.
ii Draft animals not only supply power for agriculture and transport, but they
also provide man with food.
iii Most industrial nations have become dependent on fossil fuels to meet
their energy requirements.
iv Demand for electricity will rise in the future, just as reserves of oil will
increase.
1i Find out the meaning of the following words/phrases used in the passage. Make
sentences of your own using these words/phrases: 8
i agrarian ii converted iii orientation
iv boost v draft animals vi disastrous
vii transition viii novelty
2 As an Office Manager, draft a memo to ask employees of various departments to
convey in writing their requirement for furniture within a week of the issue of the
memo. 10
3 Given below are some answers. Provide appropriate questions to them: 5
i Yes, I am doing English Honours.
ii She has two brothers.
iii No, it is not very expensive.
iv Mrs. Gupta is going to Indore tomorrow.
v I am doing my home assignment.
4a Two classmates Karan and Seema are discussing the advantages and
disadvantages of Internet in today’s world. Karan is in favour of Internet and feels
it is good for students whereas Seema feels that it has more disadvantages than
advantages. Write a dialogue between them giving five turns (sentences) to each
of them. 10
4b Rewrite the following sentences in reported speech: 5
i Mohan said, “I can’t understand English.”
ii She said, “I will come to your house in the evening.”
iii Neha said, “I have bought a new dress.”
iv He said, “My family is going to Bangalore tomorrow.”
v The teacher said, “Please turn to page 22 in your Science textbook.”
5 Fill in the blanks in the following passages with the correct form of the verb given
in brackets 5
i He was ………. (learn) typing before he joined this office as a junior
assistant. He……….(attend) classes for seven months. Now, he ……….
5
(be) the most efficient typist in this office. He ……….(work) in this office
for the last two years. Next month he ………. (get) a promotion.
ii When I ……….(reach) Neha’s house yesterday, a man ………. (sit)
there. He had a familiar face but I did not ……….(recognize) him. After
he ………. (leave), my friend told me his name. I then ……….
(remember) that I had met him earlier at Neha brother’s wedding.
6 Read the conversation and fill in the gaps with one of the words below: 10
bring else fine had hear
hoping see serious sure take
Secretary: Ms. Priti can ………..(i) you now.
Vineet: Thank you (enters). Hello Priti. How are you?
Priti: Vineet, come in! (They shake hands.)
Secretary: Shall I…….(ii) coffee, Madam?
Priti: Would you like some coffee, Vineet? Or would you prefer something
(iii)……….
Vineet: No, coffee’s fine.
Priti: Two coffees please, Ravi.
Secretary: Okay. I will be right back.
Priti: So, how are you, Vineet?
Vineet: I’m very well.
Priti: Where is Sheena?
Vineet: She couldn’t make it this time. One of the kids is down with flu.
Priti: I’m sorry to………..(iv) that.
Vineet: Oh, its not ………..(v). And how are you, Preeti?
Priti: ……….(vi) thank you. Our spring collection is out.
Vineet: I know. I’m ……….(vii) to see it.
Priti: When we’ve ………..(viii) coffee, I’ll ………..(ix) you down to the
showroom. I think you’ll like it.
Vineet: I’m ………………(x) I will.
7 Complete the following dialogue by filling in the questions. Use the given
answers as clues. 10
A: What is this that I hear about Sharad, was he arrested?
B: Yes, he was arrested last night.
A: ………………………………………………………..
B: Yes, it was his fault. He bumped into a cyclist.
A: ………………………………………………………..
B: Yes, he was driving the car.
A: ………………………………………………………..
B: No, his wife was not with him.
A: ………………………………………………………..
B: Yes, the police have taken his license away.
6
A: ………………………………………………………..
B: Yes, he will have to pay some fine.
A: ………………………………………………………..
B: No, he does not have to appear in the court.
A: ………………………………………………………..
B: Yes, he is very upset about the whole thing.
A: ………………………………………………………..
B: No, I think we should meet him tomorrow. Let him rest.
8 Imagine that you attended one of the following courses during the summer
vacation last year.
15
i. A Computer Course
ii. A Course on Technical English
iii. A course in Graphic Designing
Write a report on the course mentioning:
i. factual details
ii. effectiveness and limitations of the course
9 As an administrative warden of Ganga hostel, you have noticed that some of the
students residing in this hostel drink in the night. Also, you have received many
complaints from other students. Write a memo to all the students:
▪ Clearly forbidding them from drinking
▪ Stating the punishment that will be meted out to them

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